Does your RV get too dirty too often? Most RV owners claim that maintenance is simple, but they have to clean their vehicles rather often which is often tricky to do with most vacuums.
What you need is an RV vacuum that’s powerful and easy to use when on the road. We reviewed some of the best ones and included a buyer’s guide to help you choose.
Highest Rated Vacuum Cleaners for RV
HP Products 9880 Dirt Devil Central Vacuum System
This is an RV central vacuum system built for versatility, convenience, and general ease of use. This central vacuum system is the ideal RV vacuum for smaller vehicles where space-saving is always the number one priority.
The flow rate of this central vacuum system is at 100 cubic feet per minute, allowing you to pick up different particles. This central vacuum system is efficient with sand, dust, and small debris like pieces of grass and leaves.
The RV vacuum has a capacity of one gallon, which should be enough for most RVs. The central vacuum system comes with several tools such as a 10” rug/floor tool, dusting brush, upholstery tool, and a mesh accessory storage.
For some added reach, the HP Dirt Devil central vacuum includes an expandable hose, stretching from 7′ to 35′ in total.
- Compact and straightforward
- Comes with several tools
- All the installation hardware is included
- It’s a bit loud
Shark Rocket Ultra-Light (HV292)
Shark is among the biggest names in the industry with some pretty reliable products. The Shark HV292 is a handheld that’s ideal if you’re riding with pets thanks to its TruePet motorized brush.
This RV vacuum weighs less than four pounds, which isn’t as lightweight for a hand vacuum. It’s portable because it’s as small, but its weight might be a problem for some. Its dust capacity is also somewhat limited due to size.
This handheld Shark RV vacuum is corded, unlike many hand vacuum models. It features a 15 ft. power cord, which gives you unlimited runtime and should be enough for most RVs.
It comes with a dusting brush, TruePet motorized brush, and an extension hose.
- Washable filters
- Motorized brush
- Suitable for pet owners
- Not the most lightweight (4 pounds)
BLACK+DECKER 20V MAX Flex (BDH2020FLFH)
This RV vacuum is among the best options for RV owners tight on storage space. It’s compact and weighs only 2.56 ounces in total.
With the capacity of 18.9 ounces, the hand vacuum is ideal for spot-cleaning and quick cleanups around your RV. It’s cordless, providing some 30 to 45 minutes of runtime, depending on the tool you use.
Speaking of tools, the RV vacuum comes with a 4ft. flexible hose, stick vacuum floor head, pet hair brush, nozzle/brush accessory, and a washable filter. All the accessories help improve its overall usability in areas that are a bit tight and hard to reach.
The vacuum has cyclonic action, which spins all the dust away from the motor, prolonging its life span. The three-level filtration makes it ideal for allergy-prone people and pet owners.
- Easy to empty
- Washable filter included
- It takes four hours to charge
SwiftJet Car Vacuum Cleaner
SwifteJet Car Vacuum is a bit more traditional-looking hand RV vacuum. It’s suitable for spot-cleaning of both wet and dry messes in your RV or car. This one features a 120W motor and 4kpa of suction, sucking up even the most persistent debris.
It comes with a few attachments such as a brush, crevice, and extension tools, helping you reach different areas of your RV. Also, this one is corded, providing unlimited runtime. It features a 14.5ft. power cord that plugs into your vehicle’s cigarette lighter.
SwiftJet features waterproof and reusable HEPA filtration that traps even the tiniest allergens and pollen.
Remember that this one weighs 2 pounds and is bagless. Although it doesn’t have as much capacity, its cup isn’t too complicated to empty.
- Washable filters
- Plugs into the cigarette lighter
- For wet and dry cleaning
- Not the best for pet hair
Dyson V7 Trigger
Dyson is another big name with a wide variety of versatile vacuums. The V7 Trigger is a handheld RV vacuum great for RV owners that want quick cleanups and maintenance.
With the capacity of .15 gallon, the RV vacuum is ideal for everyday spot-cleaning. It’s a cordless vacuum, providing about 30 minutes of runtime and non-fading, strong suction. The lack of cord makes it easier to store, allowing you to reach distant areas of your vehicle.
V7 Trigger comes with a mini motorized tool and crevice and combination tools. It’s powered by Dyson’s V7 motor, featuring up to 30 minutes of battery life.
It’s a bagless vacuum with a hygienic ejector that drives out trapped dust with ease. This ensures that you don’t come in contact with all the dirty contents of the dust container.
- Small and compact
- Hygienic emptying
- Two speed settings
- Only about 6 minutes of runtime on MAX suction
Eureka Mighty Mite Bagged Canister Vacuum Cleaner 3670h
Mighty Mite vacuum is among the best options for RV. It weighs only 8 pounds, which is quite lightweight for a canister. It’s a corded vacuum, featuring 20 ft. of power cable that should be enough for most RVs and cars.
For some added reach, Mighty Mite comes with an extension hose and pole. This allows you to clean tight spaces and other areas that are hard to reach. It also comes with a combination, dusting, and crevice tool.
Much like most canisters, this one is bagged, It comes with a large bag that traps both debris and odor, but you’ll have to replace it with a new one after a while.
Also, Mighty Mite vacuum can work as a blower thanks to its blower port.
- Long cable
- Has a blower port
- On-board storage for accessories
- Friction-fitting extension pole tends to come apart
BISSELL Crosswave Pet Pro All in One Wet Dry Vacuum Cleaner
If you need something more powerful and versatile for pet hair, you should consider the Bissell Crosswave Pet upright vacuum. It’s a part of the brand’s Pet Pro collection, so it’s one of the best models for RV owners riding with their furry friend.
This is a wet and dry vacuum, allowing you to wash and vacuum your floor at the same time. It comes with a specialized solution that’s efficient in eliminating odors. Also, you’ll get a Pet Pro Multi-Surface brush roll with nylon and microfiber that mops and dries your floor.
This is a bagless vacuum, featuring two tanks that keep dirty water separated from clean. Plus, it comes with a Pet Hair Strainer tool for different surfaces. However, keep in mind that it’s only safe to use on rugs and sealed floors.
- 25 ft. power cable
- Two-tank technology
- Pet hair strainer tool
- It’s loud
SOWTECH Vacuum Cleaner
This handheld is a bit different than most others thanks to the accessories it comes with. It’s equipped with pro-cyclonic suction, so it works on pet hair, mites, dust, paper debris, and other such particles. Plus, the vacuum comes with 5th-stage filtration, trapping 99% of the grime.
It’s a cordless vacuum, featuring a rechargeable battery that works for about 40 minutes.
Another thing worth noting is its quiet operation. Sowtech vacuum produces less than 75dB, which is just one of the things that make it suitable for RV use.
Its stainless steel filter is washable and requires no replacement. This is a more eco-friendly solution than most others since it’s also more durable.
It comes with a floor, mattress, and square brushes, but also crevice tool and two extension pipes.
- Quiet operation
- Lifetime filter
- 40+ hours of runtime
- Not for rugs
Oreck Commercial BB900DGR XL Pro 5 Vacuum
This handy vacuum is compact but quite powerful, which makes it among the best and most versatile RV vacuums. It’s a commercial canister vacuum with an integrated handle and a shoulder strap for more comfortable use.
It’s equipped with a 4-amp, two-stage bypass motor that offers non-fading suction at all times. Plus, it’s corded with a 30 ft. power cable, providing unlimited runtime. This makes it easier to clean larger RVs.
Also, this Oreck vacuum comes with 11 accessories, including a round brush, crevice tool, extension pipes, 4ft. extension hose, wide and narrow head, and on-board accessory storage.
It weighs 5 pounds, which is why the manufacturer included a shoulder strap to help you carry it during extended sessions. The package also includes a disposable bag and filter.
- Easy to carry around
- 11 accessories included
- 30 ft. cord
- The strong exhaust might knock some items behind you
VonHaus 2 in 1 Stick & Handheld Vacuum Cleaner
This vacuum is a perfect combination of stick and handheld, offering versatility and ease of use. The cleaner features 130 air watts of suction, picking up hair, dust, dirt, and sand.
It’s a bagless vacuum with a 1.3l tank that’s easy to remove and empty. It detaches easily, allowing you to empty its contents without touching the dirt.
Its filtration system traps and locks the smallest of particles. It ensures that none of the vacuumed dust goes back into your breathing space.
Also, this 2-in-1 vacuum comes with a small brush attachment, crevice tool, shoulder strap, and a hose adapter. It features a 19.5 ft. quick-release cord for extended reach and easier storage. The telescopic handle allows you to transform it from a handheld to a stick vacuum.
- Versatile use
- Shoulder strap included
- Ideal for pet hair
- For hard surfaces only
Shark ZS351 Rocket Corded
ZS351 vacuum is a part of the Shark Rocket collection and one of the best RV vac models. It’s a stick that also works as a handheld, offering plenty of options on how you can use it.
The vacuum features the Zero-M self-cleaning brush roll that’s ideal for pet hair and other things that could tangle around it. It’s suitable for carpeted areas in case you have them in your RV.
This one has plenty of dirt cup capacity, so you probably won’t have to empty it as frequently. Nevertheless, it’s recommended you empty it after each use.
It’s equipped with swivel steering and Zero-M technology, improving its ease of use and efficiency as a whole. It takes just a push of a button to transform it from stick to handheld for above-floor surfaces.
- 30 ft. power cable
- Swivel steering
- Self-cleaning brush roll
- Tends to tip over
Shark DuoClean IONFlex IF201
With its upgradable runtime, Shark DuoClean IONFlex IF201 is an excellent RV vacuum. When it’s full, the battery lasts some 30 minutes, which decreases to 10 minutes on MAX power setting. Additional batteries are sold separately if you want to upgrade its runtime.
With a capacity of 0.3-quarts, its dust cup is easy to remove and clean. It offers floor-to-ceiling versatility thanks to its weight and included accessories.
Like many other Shark vacuums, this one comes with DuoClean Technology, combining bristle brush with a soft roller to pick up the smallest of dust particles.
Another thing worth mentioning is MultiFLEX Technology, allowing you to fold the vacuum into a compact shape, so that’s easier for you to store it. This also helps with reaching under furniture and other such areas.
- Two suction settings
- Easy to store
- For multi-surface vacuuming
- Requires “cool down” time before recharging
BLACK+DECKER Dustbuster Handheld Vacuum
The Black Decker Dustbuster vacuum is one of the most lightweight cleaners for RV. It’s small and compact, weighing only slightly over 2 pounds. It comes with a wall mount as well so that you can store it more conveniently.
This lightweight vacuum features lithium technology, providing some 10 to 15 minutes of runtime. Keep in mind that it requires almost six hours to recharge. On the plus side, it has a battery indicator that shows you when it’s fully charged or needs charging.
This Black Decker comes with a jack plug charger and washable filters. As far as accessories, you’ll receive an extendable crevice tool and a flip-up brush. Both tools are meant for upholstery and other surfaces that are a bit hard to reach.
- Lightweight, easy to empty
- Extendable crevice tool included
- Comes with a wall mount
- Only for spot-cleaning (10 min runtime)
Dyson V8 Absolute Cordless Stick Vacuum
Dyson V8 Absolute vacuum is among the best options if you need a full-sized vacuum to use in your house as well as when traveling in your RV. It’s a stick vacuum that converts into a handheld for more versatility and ease of use.
Although it’s cordless vacuum, this Dyson vacuum has plenty of runtime and impressively strong suction. It features MAX and Standard power modes for different areas.
When on Standard suction, V8 offers some 40 minutes of battery life, and that’s only if you’re using a non-motorized tool. With MAX suction or a motorized tool, its battery life is reduced to approximately 8 minutes.
It comes with a soft roller head and a motorized Direct Drive head with stiff nylon bristles.
- Soft and stiff brush included
- Works as a stick and handheld
- Washable, lifetime filter
- The handle becomes uncomfortable after some time
Dirt Devil Vibe 3-in-1 Vacuum Cleaner
This is another RV vacuum you can use in your apartment as well. It’s a stick vacuum that converts into a handheld for above-floor and spot-cleaning. It comes with 15 ft. power cable that should be enough for your RV but might be too short for at-home use.
It weighs only 3 pounds, less than when you use it as a handheld. You can easily switch from upright to handheld vacuum with just a quick snap at the neck. Keep in mind that the cord isn’t retractable, but there’s a place on the vacuum for you to store it.
This Dirt Devil vacuum comes with a brush roll that you can switch off when vacuuming gentler surfaces. It also has a 10” nozzle, and a scatter guard that allows you to clean larger particles such as kitty litter and cereal.
- On/Off brush roll
- Scatter-free cleaning
- It vibrates during use
What Makes the Ideal Vacuum for RV Living?
You might feel a bit overwhelmed with as many vacuums on the market, but choosing one doesn’t have to be as tricky. In other words, you can easily pick among them once you’re familiar with the most critical factors that make the best RV vac.
Below, you’ll find all the vital aspects of RV vacuums and how to choose the best model for your needs and preferences.
Type of Vacuum
You already know that some RV vacuums work better than others, depending on the task at hand. This leaves you to choose among a few types that provide more or less of the same thing.
However, an upright vacuum isn’t the same as a handheld, so it might not fit your needs. For this reason, you should check all the types of RV vacuums.
Uprights can be quite convenient if you have lots of flooring and carpeting. Some models even convert into handheld vacuums for some added versatility.
Consider opting for an upright vacuum if you need plenty of dust cup capacity and strong suction.
A canister vacuum is also a convenient choice for several different surfaces. Most people love them for the many accessories these vacuums usually come with.
However, most models are bagged and corded, which might not be as convenient for RV use depending on your needs. Keep in mind, being bagged and corded is also what makes canister vacuums powerful.
Bagless canisters are available as well, and they tend to the more popular choice.
A handheld vacuum is by far the most common choice when it comes to RV vacuums. These are usually lightweight, and simple to store away.
In most cases, handheld vacuums are bagless and cordless, although some corded models are available as well. It’s a good option for spot-cleaning and quick maintenance.
This might be your best choice if you’re going on frequent and long trips. These are available as sticks, handhelds, uprights, and canisters, so it’s up to you to choose which would work the best for your needs.
Commercial vacuums are also suitable for wet and dry cleaning.
RV Central Vacuum System
RV central vacuum systems are equally as popular, generally due to their convenience in terms of storage. You can install a central vacuum system in a cabinet, which would allow unmatched ease of storage.
Some RVs already have a central vacuum system installed. Central vacuum system is the type to go for if you’re tight on storage and need several different accessories.
This might be the best choice if you’re traveling with your pets. Steam vacuums are designed to deodorize and disinfect the vehicle, which can get quite dirty during long trips.
These are often very versatile so that you can use them on multiple surfaces such as different floors and upholstery.
You should consider several important factors when looking for the most versatile RV vacuum. A versatile model should tackle all cleaning tasks, or at least the majority of them.
It should have plenty of accessories and tools to clean different surfaces and nooks and crannies that are hard to reach. You might also want to consider its suction and whether it’s adjustable. Some of the most versatile RV vacuums can clean both wet and dry messes.
An RV vacuum should have powerful suction just like regular vacuums we use in our homes. It should be able to pick up everything from pieces of leaves to dry grass.
Some RV vacuums have adjustable suction, allowing you to focus more on high-traffic areas and embedded dirt. If you opt for a cordless vacuum, check if it provides non-fading and strong suction.
Cord / Cordless
Choosing between corded and cordless cleaners is usually a matter of preference. It’s up to you to decide which of the two would work the best for your needs.
Corded vacuums offer unlimited runtime, but they often need an adapter. Some models can be plugged into the vehicle’s cigarette lighter port. On the other hand, cordless vacs are more comfortable to use, but their runtime is limited to 20-30 minutes on average.
Bagged / Bagless
This is another choice that depends on your preferences. Some people find bagless more convenient and cost-efficient since you don’t have to buy additional bags. However, dust cups don’t usually have as much capacity as bags and require frequent emptying.
Bagged cleaners are often more suitable for allergy-prone people, although they’re not the most eco-friendly solution.
Most RV vacuums have HEPA or another similarly efficient filtration system. HEPA is probably your best choice if you’re prone to allergies or you’re riding with your pets. It absorbs odors and keeps all the allergens trapped inside the vacuum.
Look for washable filters since they’re reusable and more eco-friendly and cost-efficient. Choose a sealed system that prevents debris from going back into your breathing space.
This is something you should check before you choose any particular RV vacuum. Consider the exact parts that the warranty covers and for how long.
In most cases, manufacturers cover damage caused by faulty materials and craftsmanship. Damage caused by misuse, neglect, and normal wear and tear isn’t a part of the deal. Nonetheless, the vacuum of your choice should have at least a year-long warranty.
As you noticed, RV vacuums come with plenty of different accessories. While the pack and number of attachments differ from brand to brand, it usually includes at least a crevice tool and a dusting brush.
For RV, you’ll need all the tools you can get. Things like an extension hose and pole can help a lot when it comes to above-floor cleaning. Crevice tool, dusting brush, and pet tools are recommended for tight and hard-to-reach areas.
Run time is among the most important factors to consider when buying a cordless RV vacuum. On average, a cordless vacuum should work at least 20 minutes before needing a recharge.
However, some cleaners offer up to 40 minutes, while others don’t last for longer than 10 minutes. Run time tends to vary depending on suction power and whether or not you use tools such as motorized brush. Also, consider how long the battery requires to recharge.
Consider your budget before buying an RV vacuum. The most expensive option might not turn out to be the best RV vacuum, which is why you should consider other things in relation to price.
In other words, think about the features and suction power you get for the price and whether it would work for your needs. You might come across some quite affordable RV vacuums that are equally as efficient.
Design & Portability
As you’ve noticed from the types we reviewed, RV vacuums can be quite different in terms of portability and design. RVs are usually tight on storage space, so go for a vacuum that wouldn’t take as much.
Opt for a portable vacuum that’s lightweight and convenient. Portability usually depends on its weight as well as whether or not it has a cable.
Nobody wants a noisy vacuum, even less so when it comes to a vacuum you’ll use in your RV. Regardless of how big or small your vehicle is, a noisy vacuum will sound that much worse.
Look for a quiet vacuum or at least the one that’s not too loud to disturb other people and animals. Most vacuums we reviewed are relatively quiet, some more or less than others.
RV Maintenance Guide
Maintenance is among the most important aspects of riding or living in an RV. These vehicles are typically small and packed with different things, so they’re hard to keep organized.
For this reason, having a reliable RV vacuum makes all the difference. Still, there’s more to maintenance than just vacuuming the floors, as we’ll explain in the guide below.
What is an RV vacuum?
An RV vacuum cleaner is essentially the same thing as any other vacuum. However, some aspects of the best RV vacuum may or may not be found in a vacuum you’d typically use in your house.
So, the vacuum you typically use can also work as an RV vacuum if it’s portable, lightweight, and versatile enough. But, some types are specifically made for RVs, such as RV central vacuum system.
All RV vacuums are specifically built to deliver efficiency for the conditions you usually encounter riding around. Still, what’s convenient to you might inconvenient for someone else, which is precisely why the market offers plenty of RV vacuum variations.
Why do you need an RV vacuum?
RVs can get quite messy in less time than you think. It’s a generally small space, usually packed with kitchen, bathroom, and bedroom stuff all in one place. While this is practical, it also means that when your kitchen is messy, so is the rest of your residence.
This is where an RV vacuum comes in handy. If it’s versatile and suitable for several surfaces, an RV vacuum will help you clean up the entire area rather quickly.
Plus, these vacuums are probably more practical and lightweight than the full-size vacuum you have.
Cleaning Holding Tanks
Holding tanks are where the germs are. If you fail to clean and sanitize the tanks, you’re risking serious health problems. A less severe result of failing to clean tanks would be damage to your RV.
For example, the sewer tank requires lots of work and maintenance. It’s not the simplest process, and it’s also quite nasty, but it has to be done. Dirty holding tanks will smell horrendous and might even clog the system.
Cleaning Windows and Mirrors
Windows and mirrors tend to get very dirty during RV trips. Sometimes, you don’t even see the accumulated dander until you swipe across it with a cloth.
In most cases, you can use Windex to clean dirty windows. However, this is only if you don’t have solar films on them. We suggest you check the manufacturer’s recommendations and directions because some cleaning products can damage your windows.
Also, clean windows on the outside and inside. Clean all the mirrors with Windex or any other product of your choice.
Cleaning Dashboards & Upholstery
The first thing you should do is vacuum the dash area. Clean all the leather and vinyl surfaces with an appropriate protecting product and don’t forget the foot pedals and the steering wheel.
Use your RV vacuum to pick up all the dust and debris lying on the upholstery.
RV Toilet Cleaning
Toilets require special care because a lack of maintenance could result in damage you wouldn’t like to fix. You should clean it at least once a week or more often if several people are traveling. Use disposable paper towels, disinfecting products, and clean water.
Add some water in the bowl and follow it with some solution. Use disposable paper towels to clean the area and disinfect the upper rim.
Open the flapper and wipe it, getting rid of any residue and toilet paper. Empty the contents before filling half of the bowl with water. Flush and repeat the process if it’s still not clean enough.
RV Bathroom Cleaning
RV bathrooms are usually made of plastic that’s easily scratched. These scratches are ideal places for bacteria.
The best way to keep it clean is to wipe it down with a dry towel or to spray it with disinfecting products after each use.
Spray mirrors, sinks, countertops, and cabinets with a disinfecting cleaning product. Wipe the areas with disposable paper towels. Lastly, you should vacuum and mop with a deodorizer. Another quick solution is using a steamer in an RV bathroom.
Keeping the Floors Clean
Cleaning your flooring isn’t that complicated, but you’ll maybe have to do it rather frequently. Some people love placing rubber mats in front of the stairs so that everyone takes their shoes off. If you’re not a fan of the idea, you’ll probably have to vacuum more frequently.
Get a handheld for quick cleanups and spot-cleaning so that your flooring always looks fresh. You can also use a sweeper or a dry mop to maintain the flooring.
However, using an RV or a vacuum for automotives followed by wet mop cleaning is, by far, the most efficient way of having fresh-looking flooring.
Van Life Essentials
One of the first things you want to keep in your RV is a compact vacuum cleaner. As we mentioned, having a reliable vacuum makes all the difference, allowing you to maintain your floor and upholstery clean.
There are plenty of vacuums you can choose from, but also consider the buying factors we discussed. Your vacuum should be lightweight and compact, but still powerful and versatile so that you can use it on all the surfaces.
Another thing you want to invest in is a dry/wet mop. Unless you get a steam vacuum, you’ll need a mop.
We all know how messy your RV can get, especially if you’re traveling with children and pets. For this reason, a good mop can be a quick solution for maintaining your floor spotless.
We suggest that you also get a doormat or two. Placing mats at the bottom of your stairs can help prevent moisture from ending up on the surface.
You should get a multi-purpose cleaning product that you can use on several surfaces. This way, you save some space by having one product instead of several.
RV Exterior Maintenance
Exterior gets that much dirtier, especially if you’re riding through muddy roads. Make sure to cover your RV when not in use so that it’s protected from the rain and sun. However, you’ll have to wash the vehicle at least twice a year, even if it was parked and unused.
Start washing the entire vehicle, scrubbing the roof, and washing as you go. Wash the awning too, and make sure to let everything dry. Use paper towels to wipe the vehicle dry where you think it’s necessary.
Apply some wax specifically made for the purpose. It’s a process that might take some time since RVs are usually huge, but you should be patient with it.
Wash the tires with some soap and degreaser and apply a water-based tire dressing. Spray all exposed metal parts with some lubricant to keep them moving freely.
How to make sure that my RV is ready for the road?
A: RVs need regular maintenance, just like every other vehicle. Getting your oil and filters changed regularly is one of the most important maintenance tasks. It’s something you have to do to keep the motor running.
You should also service the generator regularly, even when your RV is stored. Inspect the roof for rust and corrosion, especially if the vehicle was parked outside for a long time.
Check the tire pressure and the brakes by a professional. Make sure also to check the battery and replace the air and fuel filters regularly.
What is the best vac for full-time RV?
A: The best RV vacuum for full-time is the one that you find the easiest to use. You’ll have to use it quite frequently to keep the floor and upholstery looking good.
Make sure to opt for a vacuum that’s compact and lightweight so that it’s easy for you to use it at any time. Also, it should be convenient in terms of how it’s powered. The best RV vacuum can be stored away in your vehicle so that it’s not in your way when not in use.
Riding around in an RV is always exciting, so the last thing you want is for dirty flooring to spoil your fun. However, that would inevitably happen if you don’t find yourself the best RV vacuum to tackle the job.
As you probably noticed, the models in our vacuum reviews feature powerful suction. It’s among the most important factors to consider, but you should also think about convenience. Do you want a cordless vacuum? How lightweight should it be?
Ask yourself what would make the best RV vacuum for your needs and search our list to pick one if you haven’t already. We’re sure that one of the vacuums above would be great to follow you on your RV experience.
Sources and Resources
- Special review study on Vacuum Cleaners
- Environmental and economic assessment of durability of energy-using products: Method and application to a case-study vacuum cleaner